There are many ways to describe UX Process. Here is one from UX Mastery.
“At its core, every UX process should consist of the following key phases:
Strategy → Research → Analysis → Design → Production”
Image credit: UX Mastery
Think about your project and how it can benefit from going through the process described in the diagram. What is a long-term vision of your company? (Strategy) What kind of user research methods do you think it's most appropriate? (Research) How can you identify pain points and gaps in customer experience? (Analysis)
Throughout the course, you will learn how to apply the modern UX process and methods by doing hands-on exercises and building portfolio pieces.